Mangosteen cultivation is common across Southeast Asia. In India, mangosteen is being successfully cultivated in limited parts of Nilgiris and Kanyakumari districts of Tamil Nadu, Dakshina Kannada and Kodagu districts of Karnataka, and many parts of Kerala.
Mangosteen is a medium-sized evergreen tree. The fruit is rounded and dark purple when ripe. The pulp is very light and soft. Mangosteen is an adorable fruit with an exquisite, exclusive, appealing taste and flavour.
The fruit is best eaten fresh, preferably after chilling. It can be canned. Mangosteen fruits can be used for making candies, jam, pulp preserve, toppings and flavouring for ice cream, sherbet and wine.
Sugar is readily available in mangosteen which makes it very dear to hypoglycemic patients. The aril contains high amounts of energy, vitamins and anti-oxidants. The presence of high amounts of flavones and xanthones makes it a rich source of anti-bacterial agents.
Mangosteen grows well in humid tropical environment. It is a shade-loving tree, and both leaves and fruits are susceptible to sunburn. Mangosteen needs an abundant supply of water. Maintenance of soil moisture helps optimum growth. Though mangosteen can be grafted, trees obtained from seeds grow more vigorously and give higher yield.
For more information on planting, watering, pruning and nurturing Longan,
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